Mango Stone Help

best_botanistMarch 2, 2006

i have seen little baby mango trees and i think they are so cool, so can anyone help me grow one from a stone. any help would be greatly appreciated.

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mrbrownthumb(z5 Chicago)

Look down some on the page or do a search for mango. I know I just saw someone give someone else direction on how to get one started but I can't remember the post.

    Bookmark   March 4, 2006 at 10:48PM
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origamifox(5)

I see that you haven't gotten a lot of response. This information is from a page at http://www.desert-tropicals.com/ that doesn't seem to be there anymore. I've done this before, and it works VERY WELL! Sorry, but I don't know how to get the pictures to post. Good luck, and let us know how it goes!

Growing a Mango Seedling

Mangoes are more and more available at the local supermarkets here in Phoenix, and growing a mango tree from a seed is not very difficult. If you have the perfect climate and plenty of seeds, you can just stick them in the ground or a pot after finishing eating the mango and a significant percentage will grow. This pictorial tries to give you some pointers on growing them in a more controlled environment.

An overripe mango

The old question we must first address is 'why growing a fruit tree from seeds when it would be so much better to buy a grafted one that would have known qualities and would fruit so much faster?' It is a valid point, but we won't worry about it. Growing mangoes in Phoenix are mild abnormalities, and you probably have as many chances in having a satisfactory crop on a seedling than you would have on a grafted mango. My personal choice is that I have a couple of grafted mangoes and plenty of seedlings.

Most mangoes are appropriate for using the seeds, although a stay in a refrigerator decreases drastically the viability of the seed. Keep your mangoes in a warm environment, they taste better anyway. This particular one was forgotten in the fruit basket. It is a Keitt mango, fairly big, almost no fibers and very sweet tasting. They are generally available toward the end of the summer.

After eating the mango, clean the seed as well as possible. This seed has very little fiber, so the job was fairly easy. The seed dries pretty fast and has a very short shelf life. Forgetting it for a couple of day on the side of the sink is probably okay, but much longer will be a problem.

The seed has an envelope-shaped outside shell that has the consistence of thick paper containing a tender bean shaped seed. The problem at this point is to tear the shell without destroying the seed. The best way I have found is to use strong scissors or a sharp shear and cut the edge of the envelope on half the perimeter. The goal of course is to remove as little as possible to avoid damaging the inside. The third picture shows the cut shell. What is not apparent on the picture is that less than 0.25 inches of shell has been removed.

The next step is to put the seed in a warm and moist environment. The air at Phoenix (or in many houses elsewhere on the planet) is very dry, and controlling the humidity is essential. The best way I have found is to use a zip-lock bag or something similar. Write the content and the date on the bag, and then just put some of your preferred potting soil, sand or other commercial mixture. Add some water so it is barely moist. The environment should be as clean and sterile as possible. I sterilize by keeping it in boiling water for 5 minutes or so, but you can probably skip this. Some fungicide can be used as an extra precaution.

The seed is not dormant and starts growing immediately. It takes generally one to two weeks before the root shows up and start growing in the soil. it will take another 2 to 4 weeks before the stem comes up from between the cotyledons.

Depending on the size of bag and the quantity and type of potting soil you used, you can wait more or less time before transplanting the seedling. In this example, we used a small bag, and we need to transplant it early.

As it is, we waited a little too long, and the root is already well developed and has started to crowd the bag. The early leaves are fragile and needs to be protected from drying. We move the seedling to a pot in another bag.

Again don't forget to label the bag properly. Some bags have areas specially coated so that you can use permanent marker or pencil. There is little more frustrating than having a nice seedling in one of the bags that has been there for several months, and not remember at all what it might be.

Mango leaves came in flushes, that is the bud unfolds into a 2 to 4 inches piece of stem with 4 or more leaves. After the seedling has had its first flush, you can start opening the bag and letting the humidity decrease. It is important to be careful during the week or so that the flush takes to mature. If the air or soil is too dry the flush will not develop and the seedling might die or be seriously delayed. Don't move it around, it should have bright light all day. Young seedling also must have soil continuously moist, not wet. Water them frequently, and make sure they are not standing in water. Seedling will drop their leaves if uncomfortable, and they generally don't have any to spare.

The last picture is 4 months after planting the seed. The seedling is now in a 1-gallon pot.

    Bookmark   March 8, 2006 at 10:23AM
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hvg118

You have to make a small cut to the stone, and put it into a jar of water for 2 weeks in the airing cupboard or anywhere over 16-18 degrees centigrade. change the water every day to stop it smelling and after 2 weeks pot the seed - it should have started rooting by this point. plant 3cm deep. if it hasn't rooted, plant anyway and put into a seeled polythene bag to keep moist and return to the cupboard for 2 months. you will have to repot the plant frequently cos these muthas grow to more than 30 metres high!
Click on my below link called Mango Growing Instructions to learn more.

I'm gonna give it a go right now - happy growing!

Here is a link that might be useful: Easy To Use Mango Growing Help

    Bookmark   May 7, 2006 at 4:12AM
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slice

It's very important that people understand that the pit that you have left after eating the fruit is not the seed! The seed is inside that pit and has to be removed carefully. The seed sort of looks like a giant lima bean. They grow mold pretty easily when trying to sprout so use a fungiside.

    Bookmark   July 2, 2006 at 3:48PM
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best_botanist

he guys thatnk for all the help, i just tore it up out of the shell, wrpped it in paper towels, then keeps it moist not soaking but moist, i forgot about it then i looked at it tons of big roots, no its has a trunk bout 1 foot tall, thanks fer all your help

    Bookmark   July 6, 2006 at 10:40PM
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