root veggies hate my soil!

kawaiineko_gardener(5a)March 20, 2012

The soil mix I use is listed below....

NOTE: I've never added sand to the soil mix listed below. When I say sand I DO NOT mean sandy dirt in the ground. I mean normal sand.

If I were to add sand to the soil mix listed below, would it cause it to dry out too fast? It already dries out fast as is (it's been designed for absorption, so as not to create water logged plants, roots with wet feet, etc.). I don't want the sand to make it dry out MORE quickly.

If adding sand, how much?

1 batch makes 30 gallons

2-3 cubic feet pine bark fines (pine bark mulch)

5 gallons spaghnum peat moss

5 gallons perlite

2 c fertilzer (I use Osmocote; it's a pelleted dry fertilizer designed for container gardening)

2 c dolomitic lime

All my other veggies love this soil mixture. Unfortunately I've had problems with growing root veggies,with this soil mix.

I'm not saying there is anything wrong with it, root veggies just don't like it for some reason; they don't bulb...or form spindly roots not even big enough to eat.

I'm considering adding sand (normal, run-of-the-mill sand) to this mix. I'm NOT referring to sandy loam (sandy dirt) on the ground. I'd be adding sand to this soil less mix, in an attempt to mimic loam.

I've never tried the soil mix above with sand mixed in. I don't know if it will work. Will adding sand to the existing soil mix create a mix that root veggies like more?

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Root vegetables need deep soil; carrots, for instance, can have a tap root that is over 2 feet long. They also have different nutrient requirements than other crops; less N, for one thing. They need stable moisture levels to grow properly, as well, not alternating between wet and dry. You might want to substitute 3 gallons of leaf mold or compost for some of the perlite, and use the deepest container you can get.

    Bookmark   March 20, 2012 at 4:07AM
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What do you mean by "normal, run-of-the-mill sand". The only sand I have ever seen comes from under foot, ie. soil. The soil I garden in is Lake Michigan beach sand, just darker because of the organic matter in it.
What is the soil pH of your mix?
What nutrients (P, K, Ca, MG) are available in that mix?
Root crops need different nutrients to grow well.

    Bookmark   March 20, 2012 at 7:31AM
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What do your containers for root veggies look like? Can you post pictures?

    Bookmark   March 20, 2012 at 10:45AM
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Well last year I used large plastic storage containers with holes drilled in the bottom. I don't have photos of them, but I do have the dimensions for them.

This year I plan to use 4' x 12' raised beds.

W/fertility of soil, I use a time released fertilizer that is mixed into the soil mix listed above. It's a 19-6-12, and is Osmocote.

By sand, I mean like sand you'd find at the beach (not coarse sand). It doesn't have bits of rock or gravel in it either.

People have suggested adding compost to my mix. My concern with this, will adding the compost make the soil mix too heavy?

By heavy I mean it compacts. This is why you don't use normal dirt (from the ground) in containers; because it compacts and is too heavy.

My soil mix already has fertilizer in it. If I added compost to my soil less mix, then would it be overkill with fertilizing?

I ask this because I botched my soil mix last year by using wrong type of fertilizer; it was a variety that wasn't suitable for container gardening. I didn't realize I had done it till after I made my soil mix.

Had to dump and make new batch. Didn't have time or money to add correct fertilizer to the new batch. Tried to compensate by adding liquid fertilizer at the surface and this was a disaster....stressed out plants, way too much nitrogen in soil which attracted aphids, and a decimated harvest.

If I were to add compost to my soil mix, then would I reduce one of the amounts of the other ingredients in my soil mix. That is, would I reduce peat moss, and just add compost in its place for whatever amount was subtracted (i.e. I reduced the amount of peat from 5 gallons to 3, then I used 2 gallons of compost to make up the difference).

Or would I just mix in compost to my existing mix, without changing any of the measurements of the ingredients in the original mix at all. If so how much (in gallons, cups, etc.) compost should I add?

Here are the dimensions for my containers:

10 gallon:

Shape-rectangular; color-medium blue; type-plastic storage

Length-19" (1-1/2 feet plus the leftover 1 inch)
Width-13" (1 foot and 1 inch)
Depth-12" (1 foot)

18 gallon container:

Shape-rectangular; color-medium blue

Width: 17"
Depth: 15"

9-1/2 gallon container

Shape-rectangular; color-dark blue

Length: 19"
Width: 14-1/2" (1 foot, 2-1/2 inches)
Depth:11" (1 inch shy of a foot deep)

30 gallon

Shape-rectangular; color-gray

Length:28-1/2" (2 feet, 4 inches)

Width:19" (1-1/2 feet plus the additional leftover inch)
Depth: 17" (one inch short of 1-1/2 feet)

32 gallon

Shape-rectangular; color-gray

Length: 30-7/8" (2 feet, 6 inches)
Width:20" (1-1/2 feet plus the leftover 2 inches)
Depth: 17-1/2" (just shy of 1-1/2 feet)

    Bookmark   March 21, 2012 at 1:42AM
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