Ivan Ovsinsky 'A new system of agriculture' 1900
IÂd like to present a book published in 1900 in Russia. The language is slightly obsolete even for russian readers so the translation may be even worse. But there are pictures, chemical formulas in the book that can help to understand main ideas. And I am also ready to help if someone will be interested. Why to read such an old books? Book is old, but the ideas in the book are still new. Just think about OvsinskyÂs claims that "you need no fertilizers at all if you handle the soil correctly" or "it is possible to grow plants without rains at all".
Here is a book:
(Click Refresh button in browser for further translation. ItÂs Google translator)
Some words about book and author. The book may be refered to as about no-till.
Ovsinsky serverd as state official on Far East near China and hence visited China many times. Being inquisitive he looked at chinese farming and probably there he got the idea to grow cereal crops by rows. Double density of seeds in row with the same width of empty space near. After returning back to european Russia he became estate steward and began to develope his system of farming with cereals based on rows idea and what is more important Â he began the regular practice of no-till. He tilled no more than 2-inch during sowing and during tillage/opening between rows mainly after rains. He developed tools for his practice and implemented his system during 30 years with wonderful results. His yields were 100 centners per hectare whereas the yields of neighbours were just 10-20 centners per hectare. And at that Ovsinsky reduced inputs on tillage 2 times and refused all fertilizers refusing inputs again. Nobody believed him and even their eyes when they were on his fields: rye 3 meters hight! Ovsinsky published this book where he try to explain why his system was so successful and then ... disappeared in history. Nowadays some enthusiasts repeated his system and ... obtained the same result that is better and better from year to year.
The book has 2 main parts:
1. Individuality of plants
2. A new system of agricultere
For present-day reader it is better to begin reading at the chapter "A new system of agricultere"
Good reading and any questions are welcome!