Compost tumbler questions

organic_wonderfulMarch 4, 2011

I have just purchased my first compost tumbler, which has a 230L capacity. I was wondering, since I don't currently have a garden shredder to make shredded wood, what can I add to the mixture to sufficiently aerate the mixture? Should I go to the garden centre and purchase bark mulch, and use that?

Also, can I keep the compost tumbler in my greenhouse so that it heats up the greenhouse interior? Or would it give off soo much CO2 that the plants would suffer problems with toxicity? With energy costs becoming silly, using an electric heater will be expensive (a propane heater less so, but still expensive) so any extra heat would be welcome.

Finally, is it better to transfer the 'compost' from the tumbler when finished into a conventional compost bin so the worms can have a go at it, or should I put it in my small wormery, or should Iin fact just use it as a mulch?

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connie_cola(DE 7)

Can you use short branches or sticks instead of shredded wood?
Seems to me they would break things up.

    Bookmark   March 6, 2011 at 9:59PM
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Lloyd

Okay, lots of questions there....

Aeration...unless the contents are sopping wet, the action of tumbling usually keeps the material porous enough for aerobic composting. This would also be predicated on having enough air vents in the tumbler. What were you going to use as your Carbon material?

Heat...There will be some residual heat given off but there would be a ton of other considerations before I could say if it would heat your greenhouse to any kind warmth.

CO2...A tumbler is not likely to raise the CO2 to toxic levels, if it did, the actual composting would also decrease because of lack of O2.

Curing...once my tumblers have finished the heating phase, I transfer the contents to a curing bin. Tumblers excel at keeping compost materials well mixed and aerated so wasting that potential for curing does not make sense to me. I don't do worms but I would imagine they would love the stuff. I'd be careful using it as mulch myself until I was sure the toxicity was not a factor.

Lloyd

    Bookmark   March 7, 2011 at 10:32AM
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organic_wonderful

I'm actually planning on using the 'compost' from the compost tumbler on a 'no-dig' garden. I've been led to believe that you are okay using tumbler compost on a no-dig garden because you're not digging it into the soil itself, which is okay because it slowly composts before being slowly incorporated into the soil by the worms. Apparently using it this way avoids 'nitrogen robbery'.

Is this not the case?

Do I really need to finish it off by 'curing' it?

    Bookmark   March 7, 2011 at 1:17PM
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organic_wonderful

Oh, and I didn't realize you have to 'cure' your compost if using a tumbler. How do you do this?
I read that curing compost is done by stopping adding organic waste to the tumbler and turning it for 3 months. Is this true? If so that's a bit disappointing as I thought a tumbler allows you to make compost in a lot less time!

    Bookmark   March 7, 2011 at 1:30PM
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Lloyd

No, one does not necessarily have to cure compost if using a tumbler. People often get confused with when compost is ready to use. There are different variables and parameters and very often there are extenuating circumstances that come into play.

I cure my compost when it comes out of my tumblers (after high heat phase) because I want to be sure my compost will cause absolutely no harm for whatever it is used for and I can then re-load the tumblers for another batch.

The only way I can be certain of causing no harm is to ensure it is very mature. It is possible that compost straight out of a tumbler may still be toxic to some plants. There are a couple of simple home tests but I usually use the Solvita test myself.

The article Compost Microbiology and the Soil Food Web has some pretty decent explanations about why curing may be important.

A case of nitrogen deficiency will usually only occur when materials with a high C:N ratio are incorporated into a soil.

It is not always a simple concept.

Lloyd

    Bookmark   March 7, 2011 at 1:57PM
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